It involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine. Pdf urinalysis can be defined as a procedure for examining various factors of urine, which include physical properties, particulate matter, cells. Chemical examination of urine includes the identification of protein, blood cells, glucose, ph, bilirubin, urobilinogen, ketone bodies, nitrites, and leukocyte esterase. Exam overview if you have symptoms of a urinary tract infection uti, your initial evaluation by your doctor will include a medical history and physical exam. Interpretation of the urinalysis part 1 introduction. An overview of the components of a ua, along with discussion of urine color and turbidity. May 23, 2018 the parameters to be examined on physical examination of urine are listed below.
A change in color or clarity may indicate the presence of a disease and the need for additional testing. Collection, preservation and physical examination introduction urine is an ultrafiltrate of plasma from which substances essential to the body are reabsorbed and through which those substances not needed are excreted. More than 41,000 people died of drug overdoses in 2011, and most of these deaths 22,810 were caused by overdoses involving prescription drugs. Macroscopic and chemical examination of urine 12016 page 3 and time of collection, and the initials of the health care worker who transferred the specimen into the tube. Patient is a 48 yearold wellnourished hispanic male with a 2month history of rheumatoid arthritis and strong family. Physical and chemical examination of urine proprofs quiz. Clinical urine tests are various tests of urine for diagnostic purposes. General urine examination gue or urinalysis microscopic urinalysis methodology a sample of wellmixed urine usually 1015 ml is centrifuged in a test tube at relatively low speed about 23,000 rpm for 510 minutes until a moderately cohesive button is produced at the bottom of the tube. In this lecture material the routine urine test, physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine are briefly discussed and it is a preparation which is intended. Mar 25, 2018 physical examination of urine is very useful for diagnostic pathology and its give a gross idea about the types and severity of abnormality. In this article, we will discuss the physical features of urine.
Presentation on important aspects of urine examination. Before beginning the assessment, ask the client to provide you with a cleancatch urine specimen and give the client a specimen cup. Color is usually some shade of yellow and often varies with the concentration of the sample. Threequarters of prescription drug overdose deaths. Choose from 272 different sets of urine physical examination urinalysis flashcards on quizlet. Urine turbidity may indicate urinary tract infection or obstruction. Himil parikh first year resident gcs medical college, introduction urine can be. Physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine involves many tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine also used. Urine smell indicates age of the urine and may indicate the prescence of glucose and ketones. Find powerpoint presentations and slides using the power of, find free presentations research about physical examination of urine ppt. This test checks for the presence of cells from the urinary tract, blood cells, crystals, bacteria, parasites and tumours cells. The parameters to be examined on physical examination of urine are listed below. View and download powerpoint presentations on physical examination of urine ppt. More than 41,000 people died of drug overdoses in 2011, and most of these deaths 22,810 were caused by.
Comprehensive adult history and physical this sample. Pdf analysis of urine as indicators of specific body conditions. All patients with suspected kidney disease should be asked to submit a urine sample for examination and should be questioned about the urine they are passing the latter is frequently neglected by physicians but can be just as important as a physical examination of the urine itself. The physical appearance of a urine sample can often tell a great deal about a patients condition.
Chemical examination the chemical examination of urine is most commonly carried out in the surgery or outpatient clinic, by a nurse, using commercially prepared test strips. Oct 29, 2017 how to get rid of muscle knots in your neck, traps, shoulders, and back duration. For this reason, it is important for the physician to correlate the urine ph with other information to determine whether there is a problem. Urinalysis is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine. Prescription drug physical examination requirements.
Simple quiz for urinalysis physical examination and possible abnormalities. The other methods are called confirmatory tests because the most common use is to confirm a positive or negative result obtained using the reagent strip. A complete urinalysis includes physical, chemical, and microscopic examinations. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Ppt examination of urine powerpoint presentation free to. Physical examination of urine is consist of the following tests. These include the kawasaki method,21 the intersalt meth. If turbidity develops add 12 drops of glacial acetic acid. Normally, the ph of urine is usually weakly acidic, but may have a different reaction 4. By using uristix reagent strip for protein,glucose and ketones. At present, chemical urine tests are performed on automatic analyzers using test strips, which allow obtaining information on 812 parameters of urine.
Introduction urine can be used to look for physical and biochemical abnormalities. Chemical examination of urine 2 confirmatory tests which may be indicated sometimes it may be necessary to measure chemicals in urine other than by the reagent strip methods. It involves a number of tests to detect and measure various. Y examination of urine provides info regarding diseases of the kidney and lower urinary tract y clinical lab disciplines involved in urinalysis. Physical examination of urine is very useful for diagnostic pathology and its give a gross idea about the types and severity of abnormality. Correlate results of chemical tests with those of physical examination. In this lecture material the routine urine test, physical. Urinalysis used to be routine during checkups, typically to test for traces of blood, protein, or sugar. At my last physical, the doctor did not collect urine for tests. The urine is evaluated for the presence of certain chemicals. Medical history and physical exam for urinary tract.
Volume or quantity colour appearance odour sediment formation specific gravity 1. Pdf urinalysis is a routine screening and diagnostic tool that can be. Patient should avoid strenuous physical activity before collection of urine as these activities may cause small amounts of blood to appear in the urine. Urine for a urinalysis can be collected at any time. Midstream clean collection is acceptable in most situations, but the specimen should be examined within. Evaluation of the renal patient genitourinary disorders. A microscopic examination is then performed if there is an abnormal finding on the physical or chemical examination, or if the doctor specifically orders it. Diseases and conditions in which the ph of the urine can vary. Prescription drug physical examination requirements the united states is in the midst of an unprecedented epidemic of prescription drug overdose deaths. The importance of a urinalysis auburn animal hospital.
The solid part left in the bottom of the test tube the urine sediment. The majority of patients will not report any symptoms, and proteinuria will be detected in the course of routine laboratory testing conducted to evaluate systemic disease, such as hypertension or diabetes, or as part of a wellperson examination. Physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine involves many tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine also used to detect the presence of an infection in the urinary tract. This video aims to enlighten the viewer about urine analysis. Salt intake assessed by spot urine on physical examination. Test being requested is a visual and chemical examination of the urine. Urinalysis urine analysis often provides clues to renal disease. Patient reported in an inpatient setting on day 2 of his hospitalization. Explain the relationship between the color, specific gravity, and volume of urine. Hedis measure physician documentation guidelines and. Physical and chemical examination of urine slideshare. Information about the person and urine sample, and a request for added urine. In microscopic examination, a sample of your urine is kept under a microscope for examination.
Explain why urinalysis is a routine part of any good physical examination. Start studying lesson 53 physical examination of urine. Normally, only traces of protein are found in urine, and when higher amounts are found. Lesson 53 physical examination of urine student performance. Urine cultures should be obtained in all patients who are suspected of having acute bacterial prostatitis to determine the. Urinalysis analyzes characteristics of the urine and is used to diagnose diseases. Use of the urine albumin urine creatinine ratio is a reliable and more convenient screening test because. Any additional information about the type of specimen must also be listed on the tube. Background the reliability of chest physical examination and the degree of agreement among examiners in diagnosing pneumonia based on these findings are largely unknown. Sometimes turbidity may be due to phosphate or carbonate precipitation. Excessive quantities of urine may indicate diabetes insipidus or diabetes mellitus.
Chest examination abdominal examination skin examination. Complete urine examination urine rm test test results. When a sample of urine is submitted to a pathological laboratory, the following examinations are done. Volume 6001,600 ml adult polyuria 2,000 mlday oliguria urine may indicate disease and the analysis of urine are developed from simple visual examination to the modern automated methods. A medical history includes an evaluation of your current urinary tract symptoms, history of urinary tract infections or other urinary tract problems, family health history, and sexual. Basic chemical examination of urine proteins, glucose, ketone bodies, blood and hemoglobin, bilirubin, urobilinogen to see the positive reaction, please use as a sample being tested the imitation of urine positive for the presence of the analyte tested container labeled with the name of the analyte. These are narrow plastic strips that hold test pads, arranged in a row. Volume 6001,600 ml adult polyuria 2,000 mlday oliguria physical examination of urine are listed below. Other urine, blood, and imaging tests eg, ultrasonography, ct, mri are done in specific circumstances. It helps detect alterations in the composition of the urine which help in the diagnosis of many disorders. To make the most of your office visits towards meeting hedis measures, please document the following criteria as applicable.
It highlights and describes various types of routine urine examination including physical, chemical and microscopic examination. Urinalysis interpretation university of wisconsinmadison. Routine urine examination is detailed analysis of urine. A minimum of 400 to 500 ml urine must be produced daily to rid the body of wastes. This helped to identify people with hidden kidney disease or diabetes.
Himil parikh first year resident gcs medical college, ahmedabad guided by dr. Jan 15, 20 place 5 to 10 ml of clear urine in test tube. Physical characteristics of urine include color, smell, ph, density and turbidity. Jun 08, 2018 this video aims to enlighten the viewer about urine analysis. There is no abnormal range as such, since the urine can normally vary from acid to alkaline.
Diagnosis and treatment of acute pyelonephritis in women. Physical examination normal abnormal colour pale yellow hematuria smoky urine hemoglobinuria etc. Examining the urine what can it tell us at the bedside. Ideally, after the urethral meatus is cleaned, the urine specimen is collected midstream cleancatch specimen during the first void of the morning. If there are any abnormal findings then a microscopic evaluation of the urine if ind, ua micro will also be performed.
I got lightheadedness and felt too weak to walk source and setting. Chemical examination of urine competently about health on ilive. Performing the procedure for the physical exam ination of urine satisfactorily for the instructor. Urinalysis is the process of analyzing and detecting chemicals excreted in urine. Numerous studies have explored methods for estimating 24h urinary sodium excretion from spot urine samples. Sciences, city university, and clinical nurse specialist, barts and the. A physical examination is a routine test your primary care provider pcp performs to check your overall health. Objectives to determine the accuracy of various physical examination maneuvers in diagnosing pneumonia and to compare. Measure the density specific gravity with urinometer. A microscopic exam of the urine is also done to look for abnormalities. Learn urine physical examination urinalysis with free interactive flashcards. Human urine is yellowish in color and variable in chemical composition, but here is.
Ppt examination of urine powerpoint presentation free. The need for trained human resources in the field is, therefore, very essential not only for patient care but also for preventive measures. Physical examination of urine includes description of color, odor, clarity, volume, and specific gravity. Examination of urine drmohamed mahmoud nour eldein phd biochemistry. A urinalysis is indicated for evaluating pets with urinary abnormalities such as increased urine production, increased urinary frequency, straining to urinate, bloody urine or abnormal color to the urine. Chemical examination of urine competently about health. Completing a written examination successfully, and b. Chemical analysis of urine key terms acetest ascorbate ascorbic acid bilirubin chromogens clinitest. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. A pcp may be a doctor, a nurse practitioner, or a physician assistant.1160 229 542 398 240 491 820 1206 1158 127 714 1534 1447 1457 960 147 764 419 517 921 1470 153 434 899 408 1396 920 1113 152 780 1136 933 840 108 358 341 708 1313